The Incredible Shrinking Fat Cell - What Really Happens When Body Fat is Burned?
This week, someone said in our discussion: "I do not have any fat" LOST "... I know EXACTLY where it comes from! I've been laughing at this since I" understood "the joke But the truth is that many people have no idea how fat cells work, how much fat they eat, or how much fat is burned in. This is a complex biochemical sequence of events, but I will specify as much as possible. In certain circumstances, you will be a master "big consumer" before the end of this article!
By the time you "lose" the muscle-fat ratio, the fat cell (also called adipocyte) does not move anywhere else or into the muscle cell to be sclerotic. The fat cell itself (tragically) remains exactly where it was - under the skin in the thighs, in the abdomen, in the hips, in the arms, etc., and on the muscles - that's why you do not. do not have the "definition" of the muscle. can see. when the muscle / fat ratio is high.
The fat is released into the fat cell as (triacylglycerol). The fat is not burned at this stage in the adipose cell, it must be liberated to a certain extent by complex hormonal/enzymatic pathways. At the moment when the fat cell is stimulated, it releases its substance (tri-glycerine) mainly in the form of unsaturated free fats (AGL) into the circulation and transports it through the blood to tissues where vitality is essential.
An ordinary young adult stores about 60,000 to 100,000 calories of vitality in muscle / fat cells. What triggers the arrival of all these unsaturated fats from the fat cell? Quite simply, if your body needs vitality because you consume fewer calories than you consume (lack of vitality), your body releases hormones and catalysts that alert your fat cells to drain your reserves. of fat rather than moving them away.
To eliminate fat from the fat cell, hydrolysis (lipolysis or fat loss), break down the glycerin atom into glycerol and three unsaturated fatty acids. The trigger for this reaction is an important compound called hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). The rejected fat (vitality) is released into the circulatory system as FFA and transported to muscles where vitality is needed. As blood flow to the dynamic muscles increases, more FFAs are transported to the muscles they need.
An important compound called lipoprotein lipase (LPL) allows FFA to enter at this stage into the mitochondria of the muscle cell, where FFA can be recovered to regain their vitality. If at some point, you took a science class, you probably already know something about mitochondria. It is the "central cell", in which the creation of vitality takes place, and this is the place where the FFA are sung for vitality.
By the time free fatty acids are excreted from the fat cell, it contracts and therefore you look leaner when you lose the muscle / fat ratio - since the fat cell is currently lower. A small fat cell or "empty" is what you are looking for when you need an elegant and distinctive look.
It was once thought that the number of fat cells could not increase after adulthood, but only the size of fat cells could increase (or decrease). Currently, we realize that fat cells can undoubtedly increase both in size (hypertrophy) and in number (hyperplasia) and are likely to increase on certain occasions and in certain situations, for example, adolescence, 2) during the pregnancy and 3) in adulthood, when outrageous weight measurements are made
Some people are hereditary to have more fat cells than others, and women have more fat cells than men. A newborn usually has between 5 and 6 billion fat cells. This number increases at the beginning of puberty and adolescence, and atypical body sound of an adult contains about 25 to 30 billion fat cells. An ordinary overweight adult has about 75 billion fat cells. In any case, this figure can range from 250 to 300 billion because of the force of gravity!
The normal size (weight) of an adult fat cell is about 0.6 micrograms, but its size can go from 0.2 to 0.9 micrograms. The fat cells of an overweight person can be several times larger than those of a person with a perfect body part.
Remember, muscle for fat is just a source of vitality and fat cells are like capacity tanks. Unlike a resized fuel tank in your vehicle, fat cells can grow or contract as a function of "filling".
Imagine a dinghy that is not stretched: it is modest when it is not loaded with air - it may be as big as your thumb. By the time you inflate it with air, it can be ten times bigger than usual because it is just filling up. That's what happens to the fat cells: they start as almost empty fat stores (when you're lean) and when the vitality exceeds your needs, your fat cells "fill up" like pneumatic boats (it's not a beautiful image, no?)
So, you are not really "losing" fat cells, you are a "psychologist" or a "deflator" of fat cells. Since fat cells can get fat but are also duplicated, you must be determined and predictable in your fat-consuming lifestyle because cells are still present after the rebound of your fat cells (in the thighs, the abdominal muscles lower, etc.) to return to progressive mode. To be filled with fat in case you are not careful ...
Stay active to continue consuming fat and avoid consuming more calories than you consume. Your fat cells are contracted and remain contracted!